This holiday is celebrated annually on 30 November.
Known in the Philippines as 'Araw ng Kapanganakan ni
Bonifacio', this day commemorates the birth of Andrés Bonifacio on 30 November
History of Bonifacio Day
Bonifacio was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary and
is considered a national hero. He is often called 'the father of the Philippine
In 1892, Bonifacio was a founder of a secret society called
the 'Katipunan' that grew into an armed movement that instigated attacks on the
Spanish colonial rulers. Bonifacio became the commander in chief of the
revolutionary army of the Katipunan.
The leadership of the Katipunan became fractured and rival
factions vied for control. Emilio Aguinaldo eventually took control of the
At a meeting known as the Tejeros convention, a vote was
taken to decide who would be president after the over throw of the Spanish.
Aguinaldo won, with Bonifacio coming second. Bonifacio rejected the result
saying the voting had been rigged and became a rebel leader within a
This led to his arrest by Aguinaldo, his trial and
subsequent execution on 10 May 1897.
As the Katipunan had it's own constitution and was in
control of the Philippines before the creation of the first government, many
have argued that Bonifacio should be remembered as the first president of the
Philippines and not Aguinaldo.
Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the
date of his death (as in the case of the main national hero, José Rizal) as he
was executed by the Filipino revolutionary government and not by the Spanish.
How is Bonifacio Day Celebrated?
This is a national holiday meaning anyone who does work on
this day is still entitled to pay.
Schools and most businesses will closed for the day, but
shops remain open. Some people may take the time to mark Bonifacio's legacy by
visiting monuments dedicated to Bonifacio.
This day became a holiday in 1921 when the Philippine
Legislature passed Act No. 2946.